Europe’s relationship with culture, even at the most basic level, dates back to at least 20,000 BCE. The Venus of Willedorf and the cave paintings of Altamira and Lascaux are examples of the presence of civilization in Europe thousands of years ago. By 5000 BC, evidence proves that areas of Europe had begun to show hierarchical societies and a firm agricultural background had been formed by many of these societies.
While a clear division of boundaries did not exist back then, the history of Europe if we go back to thousands of years ago, during the Neolithic age, can be mainly traced through their settlements and tools.
A strong political and social era did not emerge before the Roman and Byzantine period. Thus, Europe’s history began to take form when the Roman’s empire rose to its glory. Europe has undoubtedly seen different periods of settlement before the Roman Empire as well, but evidence, clear dates and archaeology is at its minimal during these periods.
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